topleft >  Services >  Governance Technology > 

Santa Clara USD |  BP  3460  Business and Noninstructional Operations

Financial Reports And Accountability   

arrow Previous bar Next arrow

The Governing Board is committed to ensuring public accountability and the fiscal health of the district. The Board shall adopt sound fiscal policies, oversee the district's financial condition, and continually evaluate whether the district's budget and financial operations support the district's goals for student achievement.

(cf. 3100 - Budget)

(cf. 3110 - Transfer of Funds)

(cf. 3300 - Expenditures and Purchases)

(cf. 3430 - Investing)

(cf. 4143/4243 - Negotiations/Consultation)

(cf. 9000 - Role of the Board)

The Superintendent or designee shall ensure that all financial reports are prepared in accordance with law and in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles and financial reporting standards stipulated by the Governmental Accounting Standards Board and the California Department of Education (CDE). He/she shall establish a system of ongoing internal controls to ensure the reliability of financial reporting.

(cf. 3400 - Management of District Assets/Accounts)

When required by law or the Board, the Superintendent or designee shall submit to the Board reports of the district's financial status, including, but not limited to, any report specified in this Board policy or accompanying administrative regulation. When any such report must be approved by the Board prior to its submission to a local, state, and/or federal agency, the Superintendent or designee shall provide the report to the Board in sufficient time to enable the Board to carefully review the report and meet any applicable submission deadline.

The Board shall regularly communicate the district's financial position to the public and shall use financial reports to determine what actions and budget amendments, if any, are needed to ensure the district's financial stability.

(cf. 1340 - Access to District Records)

If district conditions predict fiscal distress or indicate that the district might not be able to meet its fiscal obligations, the Board and Superintendent or designee shall act quickly to identify and resolve these conditions. The Board shall work cooperatively with the County Superintendent of Schools to improve the district's fiscal health and may contract with an external individual or organization to advise the district on fiscal matters.

Unaudited Actual Receipts and Expenditures

On or before September 15, the Board shall approve and file with the County Superintendent a statement of the district's unaudited actual receipts and expenditures for the preceding fiscal year. The Superintendent or designee shall prepare this statement using the state's standardized account code structure (SACS) as prescribed by the Superintendent of Public Instruction (SPI). (Education Code 42100)

Gann Appropriations Limit Resolution

On or before September 15, the Board shall adopt a resolution identifying, pursuant to Government Code 7900-7914, the district's estimated appropriations limit for the current fiscal year and the actual appropriations limit for the preceding fiscal year. Documentation used to identify these limits shall be made available to the public on the day of the Board meeting. (Education Code 42132; Government Code 7910)

(cf. 9322 - Agenda/Meeting Materials)

Interim Reports/Certification of Ability to Meet Fiscal Obligations

The Superintendent or designee shall submit two interim fiscal reports to the Board, the first report covering the district's financial and budgetary status for the period ending October 31 and the second report covering the period ending January 31. The reports and supporting data shall be made available by the district for public review. (Education Code 42130)

Within 45 days after the close of the period reported, the Board shall approve the interim report and certify, on the basis of the interim report and any additional financial information known by the Board, whether the district will be able to meet its fiscal obligations for the remainder of the fiscal year and, based on current forecasts, for the two subsequent fiscal years. The certification shall be classified as one of the following: (Education Code 42130, 42131)

1. "Positive certification" indicating that the district will meet its financial obligations for the current fiscal year and two subsequent fiscal years

2. "Qualified certification" indicating that the district may not meet its financial obligations for the current fiscal year or two subsequent fiscal years

3. "Negative certification" indicating that the district will be unable to meet its financial obligations for the remainder of the fiscal year or the subsequent fiscal year

The Superintendent or designee shall submit a copy of each interim report and certification to the County Superintendent using the state's SACS software, as prescribed by the SPI. (Education Code 42130, 42131)

If the district's certification is subsequently changed by the County Superintendent from a positive to a qualified or negative certification, or from a qualified to a negative certification, the Board may appeal the decision to the SPI within five days of receiving the notice of change. (Education Code 42131)

Whenever the district receives a qualified or negative certification from the Board or the County Superintendent, the Superintendent or designee shall cooperate in the implementation of any remedial actions taken or prescribed by the County Superintendent under the authority granted to him/her pursuant to Education Code 42131.

If the second interim report is accompanied by a qualified or negative certification, the Board shall, no later than June 1, provide to the County Superintendent, the State Controller, and the SPI a financial statement as of April 30 ("third interim report") that projects the district's fund and cash balances through June 30. (Education Code 42131)

At any time during the year when the County Superintendent conducts a comprehensive review of the district's financial and budgetary conditions after he/she has determined that the district's budget does not comply with state criteria and standards for fiscal stability, the Board shall review the County Superintendent's recommendations at a public Board meeting. Within 15 days of receiving the report, the district shall notify the County Superintendent and the SPI of its proposed actions on the recommendation. (Education Code 42637)

Audit Report

By April 1 of each year, the Board shall provide for an annual audit of the district's books and accounts. (Education Code 41020)

To conduct the audit, the Board shall select a certified public accountant or public accountant licensed by the State Board of Accountancy from among those deemed qualified by the State Controller. (Education Code 41020, 41020.5)

The Board shall not select any public accounting firm to provide audit services if the lead or coordinating audit partner having primary responsibility for the audit, or the audit partner responsible for reviewing the audit, has performed audit services for the district in each of the six previous fiscal years. (Education Code 41020)

No later than December 15, the report of the audit for the preceding fiscal year shall be filed with the County Superintendent, the CDE, and the State Controller. (Education Code 41020)

Prior to December 15 whenever possible, but in no case later than January 31, the Board shall review, at an open meeting, the annual district audit for the prior year, any audit exceptions identified in that audit, the recommendations or findings of any management letter issued by the auditor, and any description of correction or plans to correct any exceptions or any issue raised in a management letter. (Education Code 41020.3)

The Board shall have an opportunity at the meeting to ask questions of the auditor and request further information about the audit findings.

Audit Committee

The committee shall serve in an advisory capacity and may:

1. Make recommendations regarding the selection of the external independent auditor in accordance with Education Code 41020 and 41020.5

2. Review the plan for the audit process with the independent auditor to determine the adequacy of the nature, scope, and timetable of the audit

3. Review the results of the audit and participate with the independent auditor and management in preparing final recommendations and responses

4. Participate with the independent auditor in presenting the audit report to the Board

5. Review Board policies and administrative regulations to recommend any revisions needed to ensure effective financial reporting

6. Provide input on the effectiveness of the independent auditor

7. Periodically report to the Board regarding the status of previous audit recommendations for improving the accounting and internal control systems

Legal Reference:


1240 Duties of county superintendent of schools

14500-14508 Financial and compliance audits

17150-17150.1 Public disclosure of non-voter-approved debt

17170-17199.5 California School Finance Authority

33127 Standards and criteria for local budgets and expenditures

33128 Standards and criteria; inclusions

33129 Standards and criteria; use by local agencies

35035 Powers and duties of superintendent

41010-41023 Accounting system

41326 Emergency apportionment

41344 Repayment of apportionment significant audit exceptions

41344.1 Appeals of audit findings

41455 Examination of financial problems of local districts

42100-42105 Requirement to prepare and file annual statement

42120-42129 Budget requirements

42130-42134 Financial reports and certifications

42140-42142 Public disclosure of fiscal obligations

42637 County superintendent review of district's financial and budgetary conditions

42652 Revocation or suspension of warrant authority

48300-48316 Student attendance alternatives


3540.2 School district; qualified or negative certification; proposed agreement review and comment

7900-7914 Appropriations limit

16429.1 Local agency investment fund

53646 Reports of investment policy and compliance


15060 Standardized account code structure

15070 Submission of reports using standardized account code structure

15440-15451 Criteria and standards for school district budgets

15453-15464 Criteria and standards for school district interim reports

19810-19816.1 Audits


7501- 7507 Single audits of federal program funds

Management Resources:


Maximizing School Board Governance: Fiscal Accountability, 2006


New Financial Reporting Requirements for Postemployment Benefits Other than Pensions, February 26, 2007

Audit Resolution Process: Repayment Plans, December 8, 2000


Fiscal Oversight Guide for AB 1200, AB 2756 and Subsequent Related Legislation, September 2006


Statement 54, Fund Balance Reporting and Governmental Fund Type Definitions, March 2009


Statement 45, Accounting and Financial Reporting by Employers for Post-employment Benefits Other Than Pensions, June 2004

Statement 34, Basic Financial Statements and Management's Discussion and Analysis - For State and Local Governments, June 1999


Standards and Procedures for Audits of California K-12 Local Educational Agencies (annual publication)


Government Auditing Standards, 2011

Financial Audit Manual, revised 2008


A-133 Audits of States, Local Governments, and Non-Profit Organizations



California Association of School Business Officials:

California County Superintendents Educational Services Association:

California Department of Education, Finance and Grants:

Education Audit Appeals Panel:

Fiscal Crisis and Management Assistance Team:

Governmental Accounting Standards Board:

School Services of California:

State Controller's Office:

U.S. Government Accountability Office:

U.S. Office of Management and Budget:


adopted: March 8, 2001 Santa Clara, California

revised: August 13, 2015