For purposes of this subchapter:
(1) The term "child with a disability" means -
(A) a child with a disability, as defined in section 1401(3)
of title 20; and (B) an infant or toddler with a disability, as defined in section 1432(5) of title 20.
(2) The term "delegate agency" means a public, private nonprofit, or for-profit organization or agency to which a grantee has delegated all or part of the responsibility of the grantee for operating a Head Start program.
(3) The term "family literacy services" means services that are of sufficient intensity in terms of hours, and of sufficient duration, to make sustainable changes in a family, and that integrate all of the following activities:
(A) Interactive literacy activities between parents and their children.
(B) Training for parents regarding how to be the primary teacher for their children and full partners in the education of their children.
(C) Parent literacy training that leads to economic self-sufficiency.
(D) An age-appropriate education to prepare children for success in school and life experiences.
(4) The term "financial assistance" includes assistance provided by grant, agreement, or contract, and payments may be made in installments and in advance or by way of reimbursement with necessary adjustments on account of overpayments or underpayments.
(5) The term "full calendar year" means all days of the year other than Saturday, Sunday, and a legal public holiday.
(6) The term "full-working-day" means not less than 10 hours per day. Nothing in this paragraph shall be construed to require an agency to provide services to a child who has not reached the age of compulsory school attendance for more than the number of hours per day permitted by State law (including regulation) for the provision of services to such a child.
(7) The term "Head Start classroom" means a group of children supervised and taught by two paid staff members (a teacher and a teacher's aide or two teachers) and, where possible, a volunteer.
(8) The term "Head Start family day care" means Head Start services provided in a private residence other than the residence of the child receiving such services.
(9) The term "home-based Head Start program" means a Head Start program that provides Head Start services in the private residence of the child receiving such services.
(10) The term "Indian tribe" means any tribe, band, nation, pueblo, or other organized group or community of Indians, including any Native village described in section 3(c) of the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (43 USC 1602(c)) or established pursuant to such Act (43 USC 1601 et seq.), that is recognized as eligible for the special programs and services provided by the United States to Indians because of their status as Indians.
(11) The term "local educational agency" has the meaning given such term in the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of
1965 (20 USC 6301 et seq.).
(12) The term "migrant and seasonal Head Start program" means
(A) with respect to services for migrant farmworkers, a Head Start program that serves families who are engaged in agricultural labor and who have changed their residence from one geographic location to another in the preceding 2-year period; and (B) with respect to services for seasonal farmworkers, a Head Start program that serves families who are engaged primarily in seasonal agricultural labor and who have not changed their residence to another geographic location in the preceding
(13) The term "mobile Head Start program" means the provision of Head Start services utilizing transportable equipment set up in various community-based locations on a routine, weekly schedule, operating in conjunction with home-based Head Start programs, or as a Head Start classroom.
(14) The term "poverty line" means the official poverty line (as defined by the Office of Management and Budget) -
(A) adjusted to reflect the percentage change in the Consumer Price Index For (FOOTNOTE 1) All Urban Consumers, issued by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, occurring in the 1-year period or other interval immediately preceding the date such adjustment is made; and (FOOTNOTE 1) So in original. Probably should not be capitalized.
(B) adjusted for family size.
(15) The term "scientifically based reading research" -
(A) means the application of rigorous, systematic, and objective procedures to obtain valid knowledge relevant to reading development, reading instruction, and reading difficulties; and (B) shall include research that -
(i) employs systematic, empirical methods that draw on observation or experiment; (ii) involves rigorous data analyses that are adequate to test the stated hypotheses and justify the general conclusions drawn; (iii) relies on measurements or observational methods that provide valid data across evaluators and observers and across multiple measurements and observations; and (iv) has been accepted by a peer-reviewed journal or approved by a panel of independent experts through a comparably rigorous, objective, and scientific review.
(16) The term "Secretary" means the Secretary of Health and Human Services.
(17) The term "State" means a State, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the District of Columbia, Guam, American Samoa, the Virgin Islands of the United States, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, but for fiscal years ending before October 1, 2001 (and fiscal year 2002, if the legislation described in section 9835(a)(2)(B)(iii) of this title has not been enacted before September 30, 2001), also means the Federated States of Micronesia, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, and the Republic of Palau.
(Pub. L. 97-35, title VI, Sec. 637, Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 499; Pub. L. 98-558, title I, Sec. 101, Oct. 30, 1984, 98 Stat. 2878; Pub. L. 101-501, title I, Sec. 104(b), 116(b), 117(b), 121(b), 123(a), Nov. 3, 1990, 104 Stat. 1228, 1232, 1233, 1237; Pub. L. 103-252, title I, Sec. 102, May 18, 1994, 108 Stat. 624; Pub. L. 105-285, title I, Sec. 103, Oct. 27, 1998, 112 Stat. 2703.)