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Los Angeles COE |  BP  5121  Students

Grades/Evaluation Of Student Achievement   

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The Los Angeles County Board of Education believes that grades serve a valuable instructional purpose by helping students and parents/guardians understand performance expectations and identifying the student's areas of strength and those areas needing improvement. Parents/guardians and students have the right to receive course grades that represent an accurate evaluation of the student's academic performance.

(cf. 5020 - Parent Rights and Responsibilities)

(cf. 5125.2 - Withholding Grades, Diploma or Transcripts)

The County Superintendent or designee shall establish a uniform grading system that shall be applied to all students in that course and grade level. Teachers shall inform students and parents/guardians how academic performance will be evaluated in the classroom.

(cf. 0410 - Nondiscrimination in LACOE Programs and Activities)

A teacher shall base a student's grades solely on the quality of the student's academic work and his/her mastery of course content based on LACOE standards. Students shall have the opportunity to demonstrate this mastery through a variety of methods including, but not limited to, tests, projects portfolios, and/or class discussion as appropriate. Other elements that are not a direct measure of knowledge and understanding of course content, such as attendance, effort, student conduct, and work habits, shall not be factored into the academic grade but may be reported separately.

(cf. 6011 - Academic Standards)

(cf. 6162.5 - Student Assessment)

A grade assigned by the teacher shall not be changed by the County Board or the County Superintendent except as provided by law, County Board policy, or administrative regulation. (Education Code 49066)

The grade given by the teacher shall be considered final except for an instance of clerical or mechanical mistake, fraud, bad faith or incompetence.

LACOE reserves the right to withhold the grades, transcripts, and /or diploma of a student who has damaged LACOE or LACOE staff property or who has caused injury to LACOE staff.

(cf. 5125.3 - Challenging Student Records)

The County Superintendent or designee shall determine the methodology to be used in calculating students' grade point averages (GPA), including the courses to be included within the GPA and whether extra grade weighting shall be applied to Advanced Placement, honors, and/or concurrent postsecondary courses.

(cf. 6141.4 - International Baccalaureate Program)

(cf. 6141.5 - Advanced Placement)

(cf. 6172 - Gifted and Talented Student Program)

(cf. 6172.1 - Concurrent Enrollment in College Classes)

Alternative Grading Scale

The County Superintendent or designee may determine a methodology for an alternative grading scale. An alternative grading scale would be implemented for a specified and limited period of time as determined by the County Superintendent or designee. Such circumstances in using an alternative grading scale may be a long-term countywide declared disaster, such as a pandemic outbreak.

Peer Grading

At their discretion, teachers may use peer grading of student tests, papers, and assignments as appropriate to reinforce lessons.

Repeating Classes

With the approval of the principal or designee, a student may repeat a course in order to raise his/her grade. Both grades received shall be entered on the student's transcript, but the student shall receive credit only once for taking the course.

Withdrawal from Classes

A student who drops a course during the first six weeks of the grading period may do so without any entry on his/her permanent record card. A student who drops a course after the first six weeks of the grading period shall receive an F grade on his/her permanent record, unless otherwise decided by the principal or designee because of extenuating circumstances.

At all grade levels, report cards may include reports of student progress on specific academic standards applicable to the course and grade level.

(cf. 5113 - Absences and Excuses)

(cf. 5113.1 - Chronic Absence and Truancy)

The student and parent/guardian shall have a reasonable opportunity to explain absences. (Education Code 49067)

If a student receives a failing grade because of excessive unexcused absences, the student's record shall specify that the grade was assigned because of excessive unexcused absences. (Education Code 49067)

Grades for a student in foster care shall not be lowered if the student is absent from school due to either of the following circumstances: (Education Code 49069.5)

1. A decision by a court or placement agency to change the student's placement, in which case the student's grades and credits shall be calculated as of the date the student left school

2. A verified court appearance or related court-ordered activity

(cf. 6173.1 - Education for Foster Youth)

Legal Reference:


41505-41508 Pupil Retention Block Grant

48070 Promotion and retention

48205 Excused absences

48800-48802 Enrollment of gifted students in community college

48904-48904.3 Withholding grades, diplomas, or transcripts

49066 Grades; finalization; physical education class

49067 Mandated regulations regarding student's achievement

49069.5 Students in foster care, grades and credits

51242 Exemption from physical education based on participation in interscholastic athletics

76000-76002 Enrollment in community college


10060 Criteria for reporting physical education achievement, high schools

30008 Definition of high school grade point average for student aid eligibility


1232g Family Education Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA)

6101-6251 School-to-Work Opportunities Act of 1994


99.1-99.67 Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act


Owasso Independent School District v. Falvo, (2002) 534 U.S. 426

Las Virgenes Educators Association v. Las Virgenes Unified School District, (2001) 86 Cal.App.4th 1

Swany v. San Ramon Valley Unified School District, (1989) 720 F.Supp. 764

Johnson v. Santa Monica-Malibu Unified School District Board of Education, (1986) 179 Cal.App.3d 593

Management Resources:


Report Cards and Transcripts for Students with Disabilities, October 17, 2008


California Department of Education:

California Student Aid Commission:

U.S. Department of Education, Office for Civil Rights:


adopted: May 5, 2020 Downey, California