Article 1. Conflicts of Interest; General Prohibition (Refs & Annos). Materiality Standard: Financial Interest in Real Property
(a) Except as provided in subdivision (c) below, the reasonably foreseeable financial effect of a governmental decision (listed below in (a)(1) through (a)(12)) on a parcel of real property in which an official has a financial interest, other than a leasehold interest, is material whenever the governmental decision:
(1) Involves the adoption of or amendment to a general (except as provided below) or specific plan, and the parcel is located within the proposed boundaries of the plan;
(2) Determines the parcel's zoning or rezoning (other than a zoning decision applicable to all properties designated in that category), annexation or de-annexation, or inclusion in or exclusion from any city, county, district, or other local government subdivision, or other boundaries, other than elective district boundaries as determined by the California Citizen's Redistricting Commission or any other agency where the governmental decision is to determine boundaries for elective purposes;
(3) Would impose, repeal, or modify any taxes, fees, or assessments that apply to the parcel;
(4) Authorizes the sale, purchase, or lease of the parcel;
(5) Involves the issuance, denial or revocation of a license, permit or other land use entitlement authorizing a specific use of or improvement to the parcel or any variance that changes the permitted use of, or restrictions placed on, that real property. For purposes of this paragraph, any financial effect resulting from a governmental decision regarding permits or licenses issued to the official's business entity when operating on the official's real property shall be conclusively analyzed under Regulation 18702.1, rather than this paragraph, without any separate consideration for any material financial effects on the official's real property as a result of the decision;
(6) Involves construction of, or improvements to, streets, water, sewer, storm drainage or similar facilities, and the parcel in which the official has an interest will receive new or improved services that are distinguishable from improvements and services that are provided to or received by other similarly situated properties in the official's jurisdiction or where the official will otherwise receive a disproportionate benefit or detriment by the decision;
(7) Would change the development potential of the parcel of real property;
(8) Would change the income producing potential of the parcel of real property. However, if the real property contains a business entity, including rental property, and the nature of the business entity remains unchanged, the materiality standards under Regulation 18702.1 applicable to business entities would apply instead;
(9) Would change the highest and best use of the parcel of real property in which the official has a financial interest;
(10) Would change the character of the parcel of real property by substantially altering traffic levels or intensity of use, including parking, of property surrounding the official's real property parcel, the view, privacy, noise levels, or air quality, including odors, or any other factors that would affect the market value of the real property parcel in which the official has a financial interest;
(11) Would consider any decision affecting real property value located within 500 feet of the property line of the official's real property, other than commercial property containing a business entity where the materiality standards are analyzed under Regulation 18702.1. Notwithstanding this prohibition, the Commission may provide written advice allowing an official to participate under these circumstances if the Commission determines that there are sufficient facts to indicate that there will be no reasonably foreseeable measurable impact on the official's property; or
(12) Would cause a reasonably prudent person, using due care and consideration under the circumstances, to believe that the governmental decision was of such a nature that its reasonably foreseeable effect would influence the market value of the official's property.
(b) Leasehold Interests. Except as provided in subdivision (c) below, the reasonably foreseeable financial effects of a governmental decision on any real property in which a governmental official has a leasehold financial interest is material whenever: governmental decision will:
(1) Change the termination date of the lease;
(2) Increase or decrease the potential rental value of the property;
(3) Increase or decrease the rental value of the property, and the official has a right to sublease the property;
(4) Change the official's actual or legally allowable use of the real property;
(5) Impact the official's use and enjoyment of the real property.
(1) The decision solely concerns repairs, replacement or maintenance of existing streets, water, sewer, storm drainage or similar facilities.
(2) The decision solely concerns the adoption or amendment of a general plan and all of the following apply:
(A) The decision only identifies planning objectives or is otherwise exclusively one of policy. A decision will not qualify under this subdivision if the decision is initiated by the public official, by a person that is a financial interest to the public official, or by a person representing either the public official or a financial interest to the public official.
(B) The decision requires a further decision or decisions by the public official's agency before implementing the planning or policy objectives, such as permitting, licensing, rezoning, or the approval of or change to a zoning variance, land use ordinance, or specific plan or its equivalent.
(C) The decision does not concern an identifiable parcel or parcels or development project. A decision does not concern an identifiable parcel or parcels solely because, in the proceeding before the agency in which the decision is made, the parcel or parcels are merely included in an area depicted on a map or diagram offered in connection with the decision, provided that the map or diagram depicts all parcels located within the agency's jurisdiction and economic interests of the official are not singled out.
(D) The decision does not concern the agency's prior, concurrent, or subsequent approval of, or change to, a permit, license, zoning designation, zoning variance, land use ordinance, or specific plan or its equivalent.
(d) Definitions. The definitions below apply to this regulation:
(1) A decision solely concerns the adoption or amendment of a general plan when the decision, in the manner described in Sections 65301 and 65301.5, grants approval of, substitutes for, or modifies any component of, a general plan, including elements, a statement of development policies, maps, diagrams, and texts, or any other component setting forth objectives, principles, standards, and plan proposals, as described in Sections 65302 and 65303.
(2) General plan means general plan as used in Sections 65300, et seq.
(3) Specific plan or its equivalent means a plan adopted by the jurisdiction to meet the purposes described in Sections 65450, et seq.
(4) Real property in which an official has a financial interest does not include any common area as part of the official's ownership interest in a common interest development as defined in the Davis-Stirling Common Interest Development Act (Civil Code Sections 4000 et seq.)
Government Code 83112
Government Code 87100
Government Code 87102.5
Government Code 87102.6
Government Code 87102.8
Government Code 87103
(Amended by Register 2015, No. 28.)