topleft >  Services >  Governance Technology > 

Castro Valley USD |  BP  6112  Instruction

School Day   

arrow Previous bar Next arrow

The Board of Education shall fix the length of the school day subject to the provisions of law. (Education Code 46100)

(cf. 6111 - School Calendar)

The length of the school day shall apply equally to students with disabilities unless otherwise specified in the student's individualized education program or Section 504 plan.

(cf. 6159 - Individualized Education Program)

(cf. 6164.6 - Identification and Education Under Section 504)

The schedule for elementary schools shall include at least one daily period of recess for a total of at least 20 minutes daily in order to provide students with unstructured but supervised opportunities for physical activity.

(cf. 5030 - Student Wellness)

(cf. 6142.7 - Physical Education and Activity)

In establishing the daily instructional schedule for each secondary school, the Superintendent or designee shall give consideration to course requirements and curricular demands, availability of school facilities, and applicable legal requirements.

The Board encourages flexibility in scheduling so as to provide longer time blocks or class periods when appropriate and desirable to support student learning, provide more intensive study of core academic subjects or extended exploration of complex topics, and reduce transition time between classes.

(cf. 9320 - Meetings and Notices)

The school day for students in grades 9-12 shall be at least 240 minutes. (Education Code 46141, 46142)

However the school day may be less than 240 minutes when authorized by law. Programs that have a minimum school day of 180 minutes include, but are not necessarily limited to:

1. Continuation high school or classes (Education Code 46141, 46170)

(cf. 6184 - Continuation Education)

2. Opportunity school or classes (Education Code 46141, 46180)

3. Regional occupational center (Education Code 46141, 52325)

4. Work experience education program approved pursuant to Education Code 51760-51769.5 (Education Code 46141, 46144)

5. Concurrent enrollment in a community college pursuant to Education Code 48800-48802 or, for students in grades 11-12, part-time enrollment in classes of the California State University of University of California, provided academic credit will be awarded upon satisfactory completion of enrolled courses (Education code 46146)

(cf. 6172.1 - Concurrent Enrollment in College Classes)

6. An early college high school or middle college high school, provided the students are enrolled in community college or college classes in accordance with item #5 above (Education Code 46141, 46146.5)

7. Special day or Saturday vocational training program conducted under a federally approved plan for career technical education. (Education Code 46141, 46144)

(cf. 6178 - Career Technical Education)

8. Adult education classes (Education Code 46190)

(cf. 6200 - Adult Education)

For an evening high school operated pursuant to Education Code 51720-51724, the number of days, specific days of the week, and number of hours during which the program shall be in session shall be determined by the Board. (Education Code 46141, 51721)

Students in grad 12 shall be enrolled in at least five courses each semester or the equivalent number of courses each quarter. This requirement shall not apply to students enrolled in regional occupational centers or programs, courses at accredited postsecondary institutions, independent study, special education programs in which the student's individualized education program establishes a different number of courses, continuation education classes, work experience education programs, or any other course of study authorized by the Board that is equivalent to the approved high school course of study. (Education Code 46145)

(cf. 6158 - Independent Study)

(cf. 6159 - Individualized Education Program)

Alternative Block Schedule for Secondary Schools

In order to establish a block or other alternative schedule or to accommodate career technical education and regional occupational center/program courses, the district may authorize students to attend fewer than the total number of days in which school is in session provided that students attend classes for at least 1,200 minutes during any five school day period or 2,400 minutes during any 10 school day period. (Education Code 46160)

Legal Reference:


8970-8974 Early primary program, including extended-day kindergarten

37202 Equal time in all schools

37670 Year-round schools

46010 Total days of attendance

46100 Length of school day

46110-46119 Kindergarten and elementary schools, day of attendance

46140-46147 Junior high school and high school, day of attendance

46160-46162 Alternative schedule - junior high and high school

46170 Continuation schools, minimum day

46180 Opportunity schools, minimum day

46190-46192 Adult education classes, day of attendance

46200-46206 Incentives for longer instructional day and year

48200 Compulsory attendance for minimum school day

48663 Community day school, minimum school day

48800-48802 Concurrent enrollment in community college

51222 Physical education, instructional minutes

51760-51769.5 Work experience education

52325 Regional occupational center, minimum day

Management Resources:


Recess for Elementary School Students, 2006


99-03 Physical Education (PE) Requirements for Block Schedules, July 2006


Extending Learning Time for Disadvantaged Students, August 1995


Full-Day Kindergarten: Expanding Learning Opportunities, Policy Brief, April 2005


California Department of Education:

National Association for Sport and Physical Education:

State Board of Education:

U.S. Department of Education:



adopted: December 11, 2014 Castro Valley, California